Timber and timber for export

Larch (Larix)

Larch (Larix)

Larch is a genus of woody plants of the Pinaceae family and one of the most common conifers. This is the only genus of conifers the needles of which fall off for the winter. Thanks to its distinguished frost tolerance and unpretentiousness larch is very widespread.

About 20 species of larch grow in cold and temperate zones of Europe, Asia and North America. Most ancient species grow in mountain systems of the Himalayas, Eastern Tibet and the Cordillera. 14 species of larch grow in Russia. Among these species, Dahurian and Siberian larches have the greatest economic value. In Russia larch occupies the largest area among all species – about 40% of forest area and these forests contain 33% of all our timber resources. In severe climatic conditions larch reaches performance standards only by the age of 150-200 years..

Larch woodis used in small shipbuilding, construction and joinery (building structure elements, wall beam, parquet, mouldings, window frames, railway sleepers and power line poles).

Larch is used for making piles and other elements of hydraulic structures, which may serve for unlimited time. Larch wood is used in construction of swimming pools, beaches, motorboat wharves, balconies, loggias, porches, shower rooms, coating of built-in equipment, room dividers, wardrobes, panels, etc.

Larch wood, in the form of both round timber and sawn timber, enjoys steady demand in the market of Western Europe. Prices for larch wood do not virtually fall under seasonal fluctuations and remain consistently high.

Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

There are more than 100 species of pine, which are scattered all over the Northern Hemisphere up to the Arctic Circle. Pine is widely spread all over the Russian North and the greatest part of Siberia and makes up both pine forests and forests mixed with spruce and other species. Pine forests are especially typical for sandy ground and rocky substrate.

There are more than 50 different species of pine in Russia, a part of which is cultivated in a particular way. Not all species are suitable for construction. The most popular are the following varieties: Scotch pine, limber pine, longleaf pine, Korean pine and Norway pine

Construction materials derived from pine, have average density and a high level of resistance to decay and fungal attack. The materials are quite strong and easy to process. They are highly valued in the construction field thanks to a relatively small number of knots and a slight change of diameter along the full length.

Pine perfectly holds fixing material (screws, nails), can be easily processed by milling cutter, jointer plane and fore plane and glues well. Mordant and paint treatment is simple and comfortable, despite the fact that pine material contains a rather big amount of tar.

Spruce (Picea)

Spruce (Picea)

Spruce forests are evergreen dark coniferous forests with predominance of spruce in tree layer. They grow in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere occupying a significant part of Europe, Asia and North America. In Russia, they are widespread from the western borders to the eastern ones and form the shape of taiga landscape.

The total area of spruce forests in Russia amounts to about 70 million hectares with timber resources of more than 10 billion cubic meters. Spruce forests rank fourth in area after larch, pine and birch forests.

Spruce woodis white, with a slight yellowish tint, and low in tar. It has homogeneous structure, with annual rings well marked on all sections, which is abused by numerous knots.

Although processing of spruce wood is easy in general, it is significantly obstructed by many knots, which are frequently so hard that they cause dyeing of carbide tools blades.

ПAlthough processing of spruce wood is easy in general, it is significantly obstructed by many knots, which are frequently so hard that they cause dyeing of carbide tools blades.

Birch (Betula)

Birch (Betula)

Birch is one of the most common wood species in Russia. The total number of species is about 100.

The range of birch is wide (2/3 of the area of all leaf forests of our country). In the north it reaches tundra, in the south - the Crimea and the Caucasus, from the west to the east - the Yablonovoi Mountains.

Birch should grow for about 70 years to become raw material for woodworking industry. Sometimes tree age can be defined by colour: old specimens have wood core with a reddish or brownish tint.

One of the most valued properties of birch is its unpretentiousness. It grows almost in any conditions. It is important that growth process is fast enough.

To obtain maximum efficiency in the production of the material needed to cut birch in age from 60 to 80 years. The construction of a birch is almost never used because of the increased tendency to decay.

Birch is easily processed using planers, and other hand-held machine tool. From it makes turning parts, well it holds fasteners (screws, nails), perfectly glued. Milling and planing of birch not cause problems, so it is often used wood as a raw material for the manufacture of children's toys and small decorative elements.

Birch wood toned perfectly, opening up virtually unlimited design possibilities.